RESULTS OF MY GENEALOGICAL RESEARCH IN
10 October 1999
The church register for Hohen Schönau,
Kr. Naugard, Pommern [where Carl & Wilhelmine (Rix) Maass lived before
emigrating to the United States] is archived in the Pommersche Evangelische
Kirche Landeskirchliches Archive which is located at Karl-Marx-Platz 15 in
Greifswald, Germany. This register and several other registers for nearby
villages have never been microfilmed by the Mormon church and so the information
they contain can only be seen by going to Greifswald, which is due north of
Berlin on the Baltic coast. On June 1-3, 1999, I visited the archive and
extracted the following information about our Maass family ancestors.
The Hohen Schönau church register was a gold mine of data and held far more information about our
ancestors than I had ever hoped to find. It revealed that Carl, Julius, &
Johanna’s father and mother lived and died in Hohen Schönau.
Their names were David Maass and Friederike Prahl (also spelled Prohl). No
middle names were given. David was a proprietor and master tailor (Eigenthumer
& Schneidermeister) like his son Carl. But he died of Lungenschlag
[literally, a lung stroke] on May 27, 1858 at the young age of 48 years,
indicating that he was born about 1810. He was survived by his wife and eight
children aged 7 to 22 (six sons and two daughters). This was an astonishing
discovery as heretofore we were only aware of three children. The ages
corresponded with Carl being the oldest at age 22 and Johanna the youngest at
age 7. [Curiously, the register said the youngest was a son of seven years.
Church records for Regenwalde, discovered at the State Archive in Szczecin, Poland
in May 2001, revealed that the youngest child was a son named Eduard Franz
Wilhelm who was born February 22, 1853. It is not known if he was
living when David died, but he would have been only five years old]. Their mother, Friederike, lived nearly 30 years
longer and died April 20, 1887 at age 76 years, 5 months, 14 days. This was
about five years after Heinrich and Johanna Lüdke
immigrated to the United States.
No birth records for any of David and
Friederike’s children were found in the Hohen Schönau church register, indicating that
all the children were born elsewhere. Although the records at the State Archive in Szczecin
are incomplete, they documented the births of the three youngest children, all
born in Ornshagen and baptized at Regenwalde. This finding substantiates
the information on Julius Maass' petition for immigration where he stated that
he was born in
Regenwalde. For an account of our research in Szczecin, click
The Hohen Schönau register listed the marriages of five of the eight children. There was no entry
for Julius and Emilie’s marriage probably because Julius was a resident of
Braunsforth at the time of their marriage in 1873. The archive did not have the
church register for Braunsforth and none has been located elsewhere.
David and Friederike Maass Family
Carl Friedrich Erdmann Maass (1836-1909)
Carl and Wilhelmine Louise Ernestine Rix were
married in Langkafel on Dec. 12, 1867. (The exact date was listed in the
Langkafel church register). Carl was 31 ½ years old and Wilhelmine was 21
years, 6 months, 9 days old. Wilhelmine’s father was Friedrich Rix, a small
farmer (Halbbauer) from Langkafel. The surname was confirmed to be Rix
(not Rick or Rieck) but was also spelled Riex in the Langkafel register.
The Langkafel register shows that Wilhelmine’s
parents, Carl Friedrich Rix (29 years) and Justine Wilhelmine Henriette Borchard
(26 years) were married March 14, 1845. Justine’s father was Gottfried
Borchard, a property owner (Eigenthumer) from Neuendorf. Wilhelmine was
born on May 12, 1846 and baptised on May 15.
Johanne Wilhelmine Ernstine Maass (ca.
Ernstine (23 years) and Friedrich Albert
Hartwig (27 ½ years) were married November 14, 1861 in Hohen Schönau.
Friedrich was from the village of Faulenbenz. [I am only assuming this daughter
went by Ernstine since her sister went by the name Johanna.]
| Except for a
different third name (Caroline instead of Ernstine), it appears that Ernstine
and Friedrich Hartwig may have had a daughter born November 24, 1861. The entry lists a
girl named Johanne Emilie Ulrike Hartwig whose parents were Friedrich Albert
Hartwig of Faulenbenz and Johanne Wilhelmine Caroline Maass. One sponsor was
Heinrich Maass of Hohen Schönau.
August Heinrich Eduard Maass (ca.
August (25 years) and Caroline Charlotte
Friederike Schulz (29 years) were married May 11 1867 in Labuhn. Caroline’s
father was Gottfried Schulz from near Labuhn.
Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Maass
Johann and Charlotte Caroline Knaspe (widow of
Friedrich Kahlenberg) were married in 1867. No ages were given and both were
from Sellin, Kr. Greifenberg at the time. [The Sellin church register, however,
did not record this marriage].
Johanne Ernestine Maass (1850-1929)
Johanne (24 ½ years) and Heinrich Friedrich Albert Lüdke
(28 ½ years) were married on September 28, 1874 in Hohen Schönau.
Both were listed as being from Walsleben at the time. Heinrich’s father was
Michael Friedrich Lüdke, a
farmer and village mayor (Bauer and Schulze)
No information was found to confirm the
identity of the other two sons. I am reasonably certain, however, (although I
can not verify or document it) that I know the name of one of the unknown
sons, August Johann David Maass, as well as that of his wife, Louise Christian, and 7
or 8 of their children. I am basing this on the following observations:
August & Louise were
sponsors for Carl & Wilhelmine's children.
sponsored one of their children.
Maass sponsored one of their children.
One of August's given
names is David. It was common practice to name a son after his father and
none of the other sons had this name.
Carl & Wilhelmine Maass Family
The Hohen Schönau register also listed the full names, birthdates and sponsors of all 15 of Carl
& Wilhelmine's natural children. Their oldest daughter, Auguste
Wilhelmine Emilie Rix, who stayed in Germany with her husband was the daughter
of Wilhelmine, not Carl. She married a Max August Wilhelm Lemke from Stettin on
December 5, 1890. No ages were given. Max’s father was Herman Lemke. [Family
records state that Auguste’s husband was Carl Lemke but this name did not
appear as one of Max’s given names].
Wilhelm Julius Albert Maass (1869-1887)
Wilhelm was born May 15, 1869 and baptized in
June. His sponsors were Albert Maass, a gardener (Gärtner)
from Faulenbenz; Julius Maass, a shepherds helper (Schäferknecht)
from Daberkow; ? Schutt; August Bernhardt Neuendorf from Naugard; and Albertine
Rix, the frau? or daughter? of the Halbbauer Rix in Langkafel. Wilhelm
died of Drüsenentzündung
[translated as inflamation of a gland or adenitis] on November 23, 1887 at the
age of 18 years, 6 months and 8 days. [Family lore said he supposedly died after
seeing a great ball of fire in the forest]. At the time of his death, Wilhelm
was learning to be a tailor (Schneide lehrling) like his father and
Herman August Emil Maass (1870-1935)
Herman was born December 6, 1870 and baptized
on December 26. His sponsors were August (Unknown) from Hohen Schönau;
Wilhelm Rix of Pflugrade; Herman Rix of Langkafel; Auguste Hannermann of Hohen Schönau; and Emilie Matthies
(sp?) of Langkafel.
Emilie Johanne Louise Maass (1873-1904)
Amelia was born January 12, 1873 and baptized
on February 9. Her sponsors were August Wolf from Hohen Schönau;
Louise (Christian) Maass, wife of the shepherd, August Maass of Klein Kniephof;
Johanne Maass, daughter of deceased Eigenthumer Maass of Hohen Schönau;
Gustav Heller of Langkafel; and Emilie (Hoefs) Schutt, frau of ? Schutt.
Martha Friederike Wilhelmine Maass (1874-1955)
Martha was born October 27, 1874 and baptized on November 22.
Her sponsors were Wilhelm Rix, a farmer (Bauer) from Langkafel; ?
Friedrich Rix; and Wilhelmine Lübke,
daughter of Eigenthumer Lübke of Pflugrade.
Albertine Alvine Wilhelmine Maass
Albertine was born September 6, 1876 and baptized October 22.
Her sponsors were Heinrich Lüdke from Zampelhagen; Carl Rix from Langkafel; Wilhelm
Rix; Ernestine Schutt; and ?
Trettin from Naugard. She died of whooping cough (Keuchhusten) on May 25,
1877 at the age of 8 months and 19 days.
Bertha Auguste Wilhelmine Maass
Bertha was born January 30, 1878 and was baptized the next
day. Her sponsors were either Friedrich Rix or his wife Ernestine (Borchardt)
Rix from Langkafel; and either August Wolf or his wife Wilhelmine (Kamrath) Wolf
of Hohen Schönau. A third
sponsor’s name was undecipherable. Bertha was born weakly and frail and died
three days later on February 2, 1878.
Minna Bertha Marie Maass (1879-1951)
Minnie was born April 27, 1879 and was baptized June 8. Her
sponsors were Bertha (Hensel) Rix of Langkafel; Louise Keller (or Heller);
Julius and Emilie Maass of Braunsforth; Gustav Bernhard Maass of Langkafel; and
Friedr. Schütt of Langkafel.
Bertha Marie Maass (1881-1884)
Bertha Marie was born May 14, 1881 and was baptized June 12.
Her sponsors were David Rix of Braunsforth; Wilhelmine (Kanuth?) Klug of Hohen Schönau; and Anna Borchardt of
Neuendorf. She died of diptheria on November 19, 1884 at the age of 3 years, 6
months and 5 days.
Marie Therese Franziska Maass
Marie was born February 27, 1883 and was baptized March 26.
Her sponsors were Ferdinand Boettcher of Pflugrade; August Maass of Langkafel;
and frau Maass of Faulenbenz.
Franz Wilhelm Albert Maass
Frank was born September 9, 1884 in Hohen Schönau and was baptized on November 9 in
Pflugrade. Sponsors were Wilhelm Rix, an Eigenthumer
from Hohen Schönau; Friederike (Prohl) Maass, widow of Eigenthumer Maass; and Albert
Stoege? of Neuendorf.
Hedwig Ernestine Catharina Maass
Hattie was born November 25, 1886 and was baptized December
27. Her sponsors were August Borchardt of Neuendorf; Emilie (Goetz) Rix of
Langkafel; and Louise Maass of Eichenwalde.
Carl Friedrich Antonio Maass
Carl and his twin brother were born October 6, 1887 and Carl
was baptized October 11, the same day his twin brother died. His sponsors were
Friedrich Maass of Eichenwalde; August Wolf of Hohen Schönau;
and Emilie Tolzmann.
John Maass (1887-1887)
Although the church register gives no name for Carl’s twin
brother, siblings thought his name was John. He was born the 11th
hour (one hour after Carl) on October 6, 1887 but was weakly and frail and died
five days later on October 11. No baptism or sponsors were indicated.
Reinhard Ernst Ehrich Maass
Reinhard was born June 4, 1889 and baptized on July 7. His
sponsors were Heinrich Maass of Gollnow; Franz Maass of Eichenwalde; and Anna (Wienke)
Rix, frau? of Eigenthumer Rix from Hohen Schönau.
Bernhardine Bertha Louise Maass
Bernhardine was born September 1, 1890 and was baptized
October 19. Her sponsors were Herman Rix, Eigenthumer from Langkafel;
Wilhelm Tolzmann, worker (Arbeitsman) from Hohen Schönau;
and ? H. Tesch.
Heinrich and Johanna Lüdke
The Langkafel and Zampelhagen church registers
listed the full names, birthdates and sponsors of Heinrich and Johanna Lüdke’s
four children who were born in Germany -- Bertha, Anna, Emilie, and Ida.
Bertha Auguste Wilhelmine Lüdke
Bertha was born in Langkafel on March 16, 1875 and was
baptized April 4. Sponsors were Alb. Gorks of Hohen Schönau;
W? Tolzman; and ? Maass. The entry states that her father, Heinrich, was an Eigenthumer
from Ludwigsthal. She died of German measles (Rötheln)
in Zampelhagen on August 18, 1877 at the age of 2 years, 5 months and 1 day.
Anna Emilie Marie Lüdke
Anna was born October 27, 1876 and was baptized in Zampelhagen on November
26. Her sponsors were ? Rix of Langkafel; Emilie Hoefs of Zampelhagen; Auguste ?
(could be Jacob) of Hohen Schönau;
August Maass, a shoemaker (Schuster) from Pflugrade; and Julius Maass, a
shepherd (Schäfer) from Braunsforth.
Emilie Marie Magdalena Lüdke
Emilie was born November 25, 1878 and was baptized in Zampelhagen on Dec 15. Her
sponsors were Wilh. Tolzmann of Hohen Schönau;
either Herm. Hoefs or his wife Emilie (?) of Zampelhagen; and Jacob? (Marohl?)
of Hohen Schönau.
Ida Wilhelmine Ernestine Lüdke
Ida was born April 9, 1881 and was baptized the next day in Zampelhagen. Her
sponsors were Fried. Grube of Hohen Schönau;
Wilhelmine (Kamradt?) Wirk of Zampelhagen; and Wilhelmine Fischer.
Copyright © 1999-2002 Gene Maas Family
All Rights Reserved.
This material may not be reproduced in any form without permission.